Diabetes has become a common problem in the recent years. The number of people suffering from diabetes is going up rapidly with every passing year. The modern lifestyle is a contributing factor for the disease to emerge, lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, stress at the workplace and at home, lack of adequate rest and others are also factors causing diabetes. Diabetes is of two types. Type I and Type II diabetes. Type I diabetes is generally hereditary in nature and is juvenile diabetes, whereas type II diabetes is an adult diabetes and can be commonly seen in people who are overweight. People suffering from type II diabetes also have high blood sugar levels present in their blood. People having high BMI and high cholesterol level often develop a pre-diabetes condition known as Syndrome X. It can also lead to the onset of neuropathy, which means you lose the feeling or sensation in the hands and feet.
The most common problem a diabetic patient faces is a problem of ulcers which develop on the plantar or bottom of the foot. As the diabetic patient is not able to feel the bottom of their foot, a sore developed on the bottom of the foot goes unnoticed which can have serious consequences such as ulcer or infection. If this infection grows too much and goes out of control then, the only way one can stop its further growth is by cutting off the limb.
Diabetic patients need to take extreme care when it comes to their feet and the best way to do that is by washing feet regularly with clean water and soap. Foot problems can be prevented by wearing a good pair of diabetic shoes and socks which will protect the feet from external damages. Diabetics can also go to spas for receiving a foot massage as it can have a good impact on the body. If you are one among those who are suffering from athletes’ foot condition then it is recommended that you buy two pairs of shoes to wear it on alternate days. Applying foot powder also becomes important as a small act of ignorance can lead to severe consequences.
If you are suffering from diabetes then it basically means that glucose level in your blood is too high. The heavy presence of glucose in the blood can not only have a negative impact on your foot but also affect the functioning of your heart, eye and also a kidney. The high amount of glucose in the body can also lead to several skin problems which can be irritating.
Diabetics face the foot problem because nerve endings get damaged and the peripheral vascular disease affects the blood flow from the heart to the other parts of the body. Hence, the part which is injured does not receive enough blood and as a result of it, the tissue dies because of which the doctors are left with no option but to go in for amputation. The small injuries tend to grow larger and diabetics face a serious consequence because of the reason that they do not feel the injury for a long time and by the time it comes to their notice, enough time will already have passed away resulting in serious health issues.
It is better to seek medical advice immediately if you notice any signs of swelling, pain in the legs, smelly foot odor, discoloration or any other condition which seems to have appeared suddenly. It is a good practice to check your feet regularly and wash them with warm water. Applying moisturizing lotion and applying massage on your foot can help alleviate dry skin caused due to lack of blood circulation. As they say, a little bit of care and daily checking can have a great impact on the diabetic patients and in some cases can prevent them from facing any foot problems.
Trim your toenails after washing your feet, when your nails are soft. Cut straight across to help prevent ingrown toenails. Use an emery board to smooth out the edges. Be careful not to cut your toenails too short or into the corners. Do not touch the cuticles.
Many diabetics have ended up losing their toe, finger or even leg for that matter as a little cut in the foot goes unnoticed by them because they cannot feel the pain caused due to the cut. Checking for cuts, blisters or any abnormal looking redness everyday will help you stay informed with what is happening in your body and can help you take immediate actions if you find something abnormal and as soon as you find out that something is unusual in your foot it is a best practice to follow of getting an immediate appointment with the medical practitioner.
Many doctors all over the world have started recommending diabetic patients to wear diabetic shoes and socks as they are manufactured keeping the special needs of diabetic patients in mind. Wearing diabetic socks while sleeping is also a good habit to follow as that will help you in preventing your feet from becoming cold at night. Also one has to make sure that socks are not too tight as if they are tight they can have an effect on the blood circulation in the region.
Diabetic socks made of good quality helps in preventing rubbing and chaffing and also helps in repelling the moisture away. Diabetic socks are designed in such a way that they promote blood circulation among the patients and hence maintain the temperature. Though it costs a little bit more than normal socks, it is worth every penny. Always opt for a pair of white socks or light colored socks as they can reveal to you if your wound is oozing or pussing. Make sure you remember the following points before you go on to purchase a pair of diabetic socks to wear:
- Moisture Control – Do make sure that the socks are made up of new high tech materials which have the powers to keep moisture away than your regular cotton socks.
- Reduces pressure – Socks made without a seam is less likely to cause any pressure on your legs.
- Reduce Wrinkles – Wrinkles have the tendency to cause irritation so please opt for socks which do not wrinkle.
You need not go around the town in search of diabetic socks as you can easily find them in departmental stores along with other normal socks. These socks do help in keeping your feet in excellent condition and protect them from any serious injuries or even small cuts.
Along with socks, one needs to buy a pair of diabetic shoes too so that they do not expose their feet to external threats. The reason why diabetic shoes are better than the normal ones is that the diabetic shoes are designed in such a way that they have more space for toes to make internal movements. This extra space also results in reducing the pressure on your foot while wearing the shoe. The best thing about the diabetic shoe is that they are made of breathable quality and hence helps in the movement of air in and out of the shoe.
Here is a good diabetic sock if you want one:
Before wearing shoes in the morning one has to make sure that shoe is dry and there are no pebbles or stones inside the shoes. It is highly recommended that one follow the habit of wearing footwear inside the house and avoid walking on barefoot to the maximum extent possible.
Buying a right shoe suited to help you deal with your peculiar problem will do a world of good to you and can make your life a little bit better. Always remember to hang your shoes so that they can dry out thoroughly, and never ever wear wet shoes, or shoes without socks. If possible buy two pairs of shoes so that you can wear alternative shoes every other day. While keeping the shoes on the rack and while removing it from the rack make sure that there are no pebbles or any type of debris present inside the shoe which could possibly cause damage to your foot.
Maintaining a healthy diet is also of vital importance to make sure you do not face any adverse consequences. Also one has to make it a habit of checking the blood sugar levels regularly and make sure that they stay within the prescribed limits. Making time to get regular checkups done with your family doctor can be one of the best practices to follow. These precautions if taken seriously and followed religiously can help you manage diabetes better.
Your foot does need extra care as you are up on your foot all day long. If you are suffering from diabetes it is recommended that you buy a pair of diabetic socks and shoes to make sure your feet are in excellent condition. Yes, it might cost you a little bit extra but it is worth every penny.